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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966


VELIZ VACA, Violeta. Factors that influence the absence of pregnant women to dental attention during the prenatal controls in six first level health centers in Cercado, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.1, pp.20-23. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objetive: to analyze the factors that influence the non-attendance to the dental care of the pregnant women who perform prenatal checks in the Municipality of Cercado, Cochabamba. Methods: a cross-sectional descriptive study was made; the study subjects were 9 physicians, 9 dentists and 810 pregnant women who attended prenatal control in six first level centers in the south and north. Source of information: clinical histories in the first semester of the 2017 administration. Univariate and bivariate analysis were performed using: X2, P, 95% CI, RR.OR. Results: pregnant women do not attend dental care due to the following factors: They live far from the health center, X2 = 12 P = 0.0003 (IC95% = 1.05- 1.21). RR = 1.12.OR = 1.86. They do not consider oral health important during pregnancy, they give low rating to the importance of going to the dentist during pregnancy: X2 = 8.65 P = 0.001 (95% CI = 1.04 - 1.19). RR = 1,11.OR = 1,85. Fear of going to the dentist for cultural beliefs, cite malformations in the fetus, abortion, fainting: X2 = 47.05 P = 0.0000. (95% CI 1.18-1.37). RR = 1,27.OR = 3,66. They do not know that dental care in pregnancy is free: X2 = 66.36 P = 0.0000. (95% CI 1.27-1.41). RR = 1.34. OR = 17.74. They were not referred to interconsultation with the dentist, during prenatal checks: X2 = 92.61 P = 0.0000. (95% CI 1.34-1.68). RR = 1.50.OR = 5.61. Unawareness of dental care in pregnancy, when there is dental pathology: X2 = 207 P = 0.000000 (IC95% = 1.56 - 1.90). RR = 1.72.OR = 25.89. Conclusions: the factors that negatively influence the attendance of pregnant women to dental care are: cultural aspects, geographic accessibility, patient medical relationship established in prenatal and dental consultation.

Keywords : factors; care; dental care; pregnancy.

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