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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966

Abstract

MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; OLIVERA QUIROGA, Vania; LUIZAGA LOPEZ, Marcela  and  ILLANES VELARDE, Daniel Elving. Knowledge and practices about breastfeeding in Cochabamba-Bolivia: A Departamental study. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2017, vol.40, n.2, pp. 12-21. ISSN 1012-2966.

Background: despite the importance of breastfeeding; WHO indicates that any country in the world not fully meets the recommended standards for breastfeeding. Objective: assess knowledge and practices about breastfeeding and its relationship with sociodemographic factors in Cochabamba department from Bolivia. Methods: a cross-sectional, of population-based study was conducted through face to face surveys with 3515 primary caregivers for children under than 2 years, in 45/47 municipalities of Cochabamba, selected based on the strategy LQAS of Community Nutritional Surveillance System. Descriptive statistics methods were used; and bivariate logistic regression to calculate odds ratio (OR) crude and multivariate logistic regression to obtaining OR adjusted to analyze the level of risk of sociodemographic variables assessed. Results: 98.95% of children under 2 years old breastfed; 85.6% of children under 6 months of age comply with exclusive breastfeeding and only 14.74% of children older than 6 months did not meet the minimum time for exclusive breastfeeding. The factors associated with an inadequate practice of breastfeeding detected were: schooling (OR = 1.54) and living in the Metropolitan region (OR = 5.25) or the Tropic area of Cochabamba (OR = 4.56). Conclusions: in Cochabamba Bolivia, there are high rates of Exclusive Maternal Breastfeeding (86.09%) and Total Breastfeeding (96.87%); these indicators are associated with socio-demographic factors such as age, education and region of residence.

Keywords : breastfeeding; knowledge; practice.

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