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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

MANZUR, María del Rosario et al. Metabolic syndrome, risk factors in children and adolescents with overweight. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2016, vol.39, n.2, pp. 94-98. ISSN 1012-2966.

Introduction: Metabolic Syndrome (SM) is associated with the probability developing cardiovascular disease, hypertension, insulin resistance, diabetes and premature death. Objective: To evaluate the presence of Metabolic Syndrome in overweight children and adolescents and besides to establish the prevalence of risk factors associated with the Metabolic Syndrome. Method: It is a cross-sectional, descriptive and analytical study about overweight children and adolescents who were attended at Endocrinology service of the “Manuel Ascencio Villarroel” and “Albina Patiño” Hospitals in Cochabamba city during May to July 2015. A total of 41 children and adolescents of 7 to 16 years old (24 men and 17 women) were submitted to anthropometric and laboratory evaluation. Results: The MS prevalence in children and adolescents was 41%; the most frequent component was low HDL, which reached 78%, followed by hypertriglyceridemia with 48.8%. It was observed the existence highly significant association (Sig. 0.021) in the determination of the HOMA Index with overweight and obesity. In the same way were between Insulin and the HOMA Index (Sig. 0.009). Relating the criteria for the determination of metabolic syndrome, 41.7% of the overweight patients presented a single risk factor, it is similar the 44.83% obesity patients, they presented 2 risk factors, The values are similar between the population that is overweight and obese (41.7% and 41.4%, respectively). Conclusions: It is important to developing healthy habits and lifestyle at an early form, to avoid the consequences of the Metabolic Syndrome, in addition to reducing the costs of care for patients with cardiovascular diseases or Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. It is imperative to perform studies to confirming early diagnostic.

Palabras clave : metabolic syndrome; insulin resistance; risk factors; obesity.

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