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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

AQUINO ROJAS, Evelin et al. Characterization of dwellings’ infestation by Aedes aegypti in the metropolitan area of Cochabamba, Bolivia: new altitudinal records.. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2016, vol.39, n.2, pp. 83-87. ISSN 1012-2966.

The fast proliferation of the vector at warm weather and low altitude over the sea level, such as the Bolivian valleys (as Cochabamba city), generates the need to analyze the adaptability of A. aegypti . Objective: this study of comunitary diagnosis, was developed at the metropolitan area of Cochabamba city, it confirms an spread A. aegypti , shown by georeferences of identified focus of high prevalence (sud of the city, Colcapirhua and Quillacollo as a low valley). Method: For the first time this vector spread, reached between 2 538 to 2 623 meters over sea level. From 264 inspected houses over the city, 100 cases were found positive for A. aegypti (38%) (Breteau Index: 1,0). Results:According to the study, tires, barrels and small containers are a risk factor for the spread and adaptation of the vector in our region. Conclusions: Prevention and control of A. aegypti in the metropolis of Cochabamba will require an integrated and intersectoral joint work, focused on a strategy of intervention socio-environmental and community participation, generating results in an Integrated Vector Management.

Palabras clave : Aedes aegypti; epidemiology; infestation; Bolivia.

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