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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

ROJAS SALAZAR, Enrique Gonzalo et al. Low birth weight and associated factors in Hospital Materno Infantil Germán Urquidi. Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2015, vol.38, n.1, pp. 24-27. ISSN 1012-2966.

Introduction: low birth weight, defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as birth weight less than 2 500 grams, independent of gestational age and whatever the cause; It is the most important predictor of infant mortality rate especially neonatal. Objetive: to determine the prevalence of low birth weight and its associated factors in the Maternity Hospital German Urquidi of Cercado province of Cochabamba, Bolivia, during the administration I-2013. Methods: an observational study, quantitative, descriptive cross-sectional was conducted; with a sample of 926 boys and girls newborn; selected by random sampling, we consider a 95% confidence error where Alfa (a = 0,05) and Beta (Z 1- a = 0,76); accuracy d = 0,049%, calculated using the PASS Software 12.0. Results: of the newborns admitted in the study (926); the prevalence of low birth weight was 9,6%. It was determined that there gestational age with a shorter length at birth (r = 0,5373). Regarding the age of the mother with gestational age there was no statistically significant correlation (r = 0,005). Conclusions: The prevalence of low birth weight in our country was 9,6%, the main factors for low birth weight and gestational age were stunting the birth.

Palabras clave : birth weight; gestational age; premature birth.

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