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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

DELGADO, Pedro et al.   Effects of strength exercise program in anthropometric variables on pre-diabetic people with ethnic ancestry. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.2, pp. 78-82. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: determine the effect of a therapy program based on strength exercise in the anthropometric parameters of sedentary youths overweight and with predisposition to pre-diabetes. Methods: was developed a quasi-experimental study with a simple random sample of 20 subjects (n= 20) 20 years (± 1.94). Participants were divided into two groups: experimental (EG, n = 10) and control (CG, n = 10). The GE underwent to 12 weeks of intervention across the strength exercise prescription, centered on the major muscle groups. The measurements of body composition were did with protocols and formulas established by the International Society for the Advancement in Kineanthropometric (ISAK). For the analysis are used the Shapiro-Wilks statistical test, to examine the distribution of the fat mass and muscle mass before to and after the exercise program. Also was realized the T Student test for intra and intergroup comparison prior and post the intervention, adopting a statistical significance of (p < 0.05). Results: after of 36 sessions (12 weeks) of strength train, the EG present a significative decrease in fat mass (P=0.0002) and significant increase in muscle mass (p=0.001). Conclusions: the prescription of exercise based in therapy of strength train, decreases significantly the percents of adipose tissue and increment the muscle mass in sedentary youths with deposition to pre-diabetes and ethnic ascendancy.

Palabras clave : physical therapy; body composition; health.

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