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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


SEVILLA PAZ, Soldán R; EROSTEGUI, C; ZALLES CUETO, L  and  SEVILLA ENCINAS, G.   Effectiveness of the addition of Zinc in hydration serum versus oral hydration classic on growth and immune response in the treatment of children with acute diarrhea. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.2, pp.72-77. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objective: to determine the efficacy of the addition of zinc in the preparation of oral rehydration serum versus classical administration of hydration and its effect on growth, nutritional status and clinical immune children with acute diarrhea in children under 5 years. Methods: experimental randomized study of the Children's Hospital Manuel Ascencio Villarroel. From seven hundred children with acute diarrhea 117 were studied prior consent of parents. 31 formed the study group, 42 were controls (44 abandoned ). The GTROCRIN group (SRO + ZINC ) received zinc 20mg/1000cc in the same preparation of oral serum, and GSROH group (GSROH ) received oral hypo-osmolar hydrating solution with zinc 2mg/Kg apart. It were performed clinical examination, samples for blood count, urine, feces plus anthropometry, quantification of caloric intake, oral tolerance, fecal output and immune response of thymus repeated ultrasound to ten days. Data were processed SPSS 19, p < 0.05; IC: 95 %. Results: on admission no child had severe dehydration or severe complications were negative copro-parasitological 51.61 % (16) GTROCRIN, 35.71 % (15) GSROH. AMOEBAE: GTROCRIN: 32.25% (10); GSROH: 50 % (21). GIARDIA: GTROCRIN: 12.90% (4); GSROH: 14.28% (6 ) . BOTH PARASITES: GTROCRIN: 3.22 % (1). At the conclusion of the study GTROCRIN: P/T, T/EZ, P/EZ, IMC/ Z, MM, MG, SOM improved (p < 0.0001). Diarrhea lasted 4.16 ± 1.55 (GTROCRIN) vs. 7,80 ± 1.1 days ( GSROH ) . GTROCRIN received increased energy intake (P < 0.0001), I tolerate better, had less stool output, diarrhea yielded 81.64 % (25), (p < 0.001), improved surface thickness thymus 617.52 ± 111; 24.44 ± 3.85 vs. GSROH: 453.46 ± 74.82; 19.80 ± 1.61 (p < < 0.001) in this group evolution was torpid in 11.9 % (5) children. Conclusions: The study shows greater efficacy in the treatment of acute diarrhea with the addition of zinc in serum without oral hydration in clinical nutrition and immune improvement.

Keywords : acute diarrhea; ORS; zinc; clinic; immunity; nutrition.

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