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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

MOLINA CABRERA, Rilma  y  GUILLEN VARGAS, Germán. Acquisition mode pesticides and drugs in intoxicated patients treated in emergency Hospital Clínico Viedma. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.2, pp. 56-59. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objective: identify where and how to obtain drugs and pesticides beside the socio-demographic characteristics of patients with acute poisoning by these substances treated in emergency Viedma Hospital in Cochabamba from February to July 2011. Method: a quantitative, descriptive, transversal study period, with prospective data collection, included 122 patients hospitalized for acute pesticide poisoning and drugs in the Hospital Clinico Viedma in Cochabamba from February to July 2011 in those surveys were conducted. Results: 61% of poisoned patients were females, 34% between 14 and 18 years and 22% aged 19 to 23 years; most of these patients were single (60%), students (47%) from the urban area (39%) and peri-urban (37%); poisoning caused intentionally was predominantly (96%); was the most used pesticide rodenticide (52%) which mostly was obtained in sealed envelopes from street vendors (38%) and fixed market stalls of the city of Cochabamba and some provinces (32%); the drugs were ingested unknown obtained in the homes of the patients (59%) and in pharmacies without prescription medications while being controlled. Conclusions: most pesticides and to a lesser extent the drugs used by patients treated by acute intoxication of the study are relatively accessible, being one of the determinants of suicide attempts, particularly in adolescents and young adults, so it is more recommended control in the application of the marketing standards for these substances and dissemination to the public regarding the proper use, storage or disposal of pesticides and drugs in houses once used in its objective.

Palabras clave : acute poisoning,; suicide; pesticides; drugs; access to pesticides and drugs; psycho tropics,; pharmacies.

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