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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


LOPEZ LOPEZ, Antonio Gonzalo  and  CORDOVA ARANCIBIA, Hebe. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis a not diagnose pathology: a purpose of a case in the Centro Médico Boliviano Belga. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2014, vol.37, n.1, pp.31-35. ISSN 1012-2966.

Nowadays TB constitutes a serious public health problem with a revival beginning in the 90. The lung is the quint essential tuberculosis target organ, however any other organ and system can be affected and require specialist, on occasions, its most valuable diagnostic expertise. The pericardium is one of the places that least invades the Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but in recent years reported their involvement in our country increased, partnering with morbidity and significant and frequently associated mortality as a cause of constrictive pericarditis. We presenta male patient of 62 years of age, without a known pathological history, the clinical picture is 1 week of evolution characterized by chest pain of oppressive type, continuous, 6/10 on the scale of EVA, with irradiation to the cervical region, without response to pain medication, progressive dyspnea II/IV (NYHA) accompanied by fatigue and adynamia. X-ray of thorax with cardiomegaly, ECG sinus without data of ischemia, did not have Framinghan criteria for heart failure. In your hospital stay presents episodes of paroxysmal a trial fibrillation, preceded by palpitations, no hemodynamic decompensation, so it starts antiarrhythmic, maintaining the controlled FC; the therapeutic initially established based on pain relievers and inhibitors Proton pump suspecting a cost chondritis and/or GERD with little response. chest pain persisted, examined the patient with higher watery finding pericardial rub by what is Echocardiogram reported pericardial effusion 300 cc, starts treatment Steroidal and anti-inflammatory thinking in a viral pericarditis, but given the persistence of symptoms on their third day of hospitalization, new episodes of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation despite antiarrhythmic established, in addition to engorgement jugular bilateral 2/3, paradoxical pulse, hypotension and signs of imminent cardiac tamponade is a pericardial window, frees the pericardium tense, draining approximately 400 cc of pericardial fluid serohematico with enough fibrin, biopsy reported a fibrinous pericarditis chronic granulomatous and a high ADA so specific for tuberculosis treatment was started and corticoids with good response and resolution.

Keywords : spill pericardial; tuberculous pericarditis; constrictive pericarditis.

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