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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


PAZ SOLDAN, Ricardo Sevilla et al. Effect of preventive treatment with iron in anemic children on the probability of febrile seizure. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2013, vol.36, n.1, pp.11-14. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: this study aimed to evaluate the effect of preventive treatment with iron in anemic children on the probability of febrile seizures. Methods: a randomized study in the Hospital del Niño Manuel Ascencio Villarroel from January 2010 to December 2012, which included 205 children with anemia. Of these, 68 convulsed by fever, and 98 had other obvious cause seizures, so they were excluded from the study. Was chosen as a control group of 40 children who received preventive treatment with iron glycinate chelate. All children were determined hemoglobin levels, hemotocrito, MCV, MCHC, and the number of seizures. For statistical analysis we used SPSS version 16. Hypothesis testing was performed by the Student t. Correlation analysis was used bivariate and univariate Pearson chi-square for qualitative variables. Threshold of significance p < 0.05. Results: the study group was 18.6 ± 13.6 months of age, HB of 10.6 ± 1.1 mg / dl, fever 38.9 ± 0.4 ° C, 89% of this group received no preventive treatment and presented febrile seizures, 20% convulsed twice, while in the control group age was 18.0 ± 7.8 months; HB 11.97 ± 0.4, temperature of 37.9 ° C ± 0.4 , (p <0.01). This group received preventive treatment with iron, had no seizures. Iron uptake in EG was 1.4% (n = 1) received before seizure iron, 10% (n = 7) receiving iron in a batch or partial and iron in any form received 89% (n = 61) When comparing averages, the differences were significant (p < 0.001) for Hb, Hct, MCV, mean corpuscular hemoglobin and temperature between groups. Hematologic correlations in the study group were significant between seizure, Hb, hematocrit (r = 0.569, p < 0.001). Frequent infections pharyngitis were 54.4% (n = 29) which had both low hemoglobin levels. Conclusions: in preventively untreated anemic children with iron, the probability of seizure events by fever is greater.

Keywords : seizures; febrile; anemia; iron-deficiency; fever; nutritional support.

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