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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966

Abstract

MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; ROJAS SALAZAR, Enrique Gonzalo; CHOQUE ONTIVEROS, María Del Carmen  and  CAERO SUAREZ, Roberto Israel. Epidemiological characteristics of abdominal trauma at the hospital viedma, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.2, pp.67-71. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: to analyze the epidemiological characteristics of abdominal trauma in patients 18 to 78 years treated at the Hospital Viedma city of Cochabamba, during the period January 2011 to July 2012. Methods: we performedis a study of observational and cross-sectional records in 31 patients with confirmed diagnosis of abdominal trauma, considering a 95% confidence, a = 0.05 and Z1-a = 0.76, selected by non-probability random sampling systemic. Results: the most vulnerable group are men (71%), the most common mechanism are motor vehicle accidents (32%), the diagnosis of most frequent entry and exit was closed abdominal trauma (65%). The surgical technique used was exploratory laparotomy and raffia hollow viscera (87% Y52%), the most common complication hemoperitoneum (16%). Con-clusions: there is a statistically significant relationship between the time elapsed for admission to the operating room and hospital stay in patients admitted for abdominal trauma regardless of their type (COVAR = 22.24 and R2 = 0.5335).

Keywords : abdominal trauma; correlation; epidemiology.

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