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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


VALDEZ, Edgar; AVILES, Jorge  and  SAUDAN, Anne. Knowledge, attitudes and practice on HIV / AIDS in teachers of the Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Mayor de San Simon. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.1, pp.22-26. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: to describe the level of knowledge among the teachers about HIV, attitudes towards people with HIV or AIDS (social norms, sexism, homosexuality) and practices in the care of HIV patients and their individual sexual behavior. Methods: a quantitative study is transversal study, which used a questionnaire of 63 questions about HIV and sexuality, for teachers of the School of Medicine of the Universidad Mayor de San Simón (UMSS). The instruments were validated in 10 teachers of different grades of UMSS, which were excluded from the main study. 4 interviewers were selected in total (two men and two women) who conducted the survey to 97 teachers. The data were entered into a database designed in SPSS 19.0. Results: we interviewed 97 teachers, 65% men and 35% female. The mean age was 46 ± 8.1 years (minimum 28 and maximum 65 years). The average knowledge of HIV is 62%. Overall, 58.8% did not know that Santa Cruz is the most affected department in Bolivia, 68% do not know the action of ARVs. 69% do not know the Law of AIDS and 40% consider blood donors and populations at risk. The average proper attitudes was 92%. The 84% refers to people with risky behaviors are more vulnerable to infection. The average safe sex is 77%. The 6% reported using a condom, sometimes 51% and 17% never. 71% ever performed the test for HIV. Conclusions: concepts about HIV / AIDS in the study population is inadequate, while attitudes and practices have better levels. There is confusion in the concepts of risk with regard to blood donation.

Keywords : health knowledge; attitudes; practice; faculty; medical; HIV.

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