SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.35 issue1Effect of supplementation of megadoses of Vitamin A in children severely malnourished and healthy children, Cochabamba, BoliviaKnowledge, attitudes and practice on HIV / AIDS in teachers of the Faculty of Medicine, Universidad Mayor de San Simon author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand




Related links

  • Have no similar articlesSimilars in SciELO


Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


MAMANI ORTIZ, Yercin; CHOQUE ONTIVEROS, María Del Carmen; ROJAS SALAZAR, Enrique Gonzalo  and  CAERO SUAREZ, Roberto Israel. Childhood malnutrition and its relationship with the ecological in Vinto, Cochabamba, Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2012, vol.35, n.1, pp.16-21. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: to analyze the relationship of nutritional status of children under 5 years with the different ecological zones in the municipa-lity of Vinto. Methods: We performed an observational, correlational and cross sectional through anthropometric assessment of children under 5 years, according to standardized WHO indicators and analyzed using software Antrho v 3.1. Results: we identified the following prevalence's for each of the variables of malnutrition, chronic malnutrition = 30.7% = 7.1% Acute Malnutrition, Malnutrition Global = 2.2%, Energy reserve deficit <-2SD = 2, 5%. We observed that 61.9% (SD = 1.38) of the Boys and Girls High zone are small for their age. In relation to weight / height, the median z-score is lower in the Media (m = 0.25) in relation to the indicator weight / age, the highest pre-valence is in the middle with 10.2% SD = 1.02 (m = -0.64) regarding Meso Brachial Perimeter or MUAC, for the qualitative measurement of the energy reserve and response to deficiency pathologies, the Z-score is below average in the Zone Alta (m = -2) and in the Media (m = - 2.5). Conclusions: the prevalence of malnutrition varies in relation to the ecological level in living children under 5 years, but by itself is not a factor that defines the same, but instead depends on other associated factors. Chronic malnutrition is inversely proportional to the height of the source population of the child. The residence in the high risk associated represents a double for the presence of chronic malnutrition in children under the age 5.

Keywords : ecosystem; disorders child nutrition; chronic malnutrition.

        · abstract in Spanish     · text in Spanish     · Spanish ( pdf )


Creative Commons License All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License