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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


CADIMA TERRAZAS, Miguel Ángel  and  CALDERON LOPEZ, María Elena. Most common germs identified in bite wounds, susceptibility and resistance to antibiotics. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.2, pp.80-83. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: identify the most common germs found in bite wounds, their sensitivity to antibiotics and effective in controlling wound infections with amoxicillin / clavulanic acid and dicloxacillin. Methods: the study was prospective, longitudinal and descriptive, from August 2010 until February 2011, in the emergency department of the Hospital del Niñ@ Manuel Ascencio Villarroel, 40 patients between 9 months and 14 years with injuries animal bites were admitted, of which samples were taken for culture, it was started ramdomized treatment with Amoxicillin / clavulanic acid or dicloxacillin, summoning them 72 hours to monitor for signs of infection in the wound. Results: of the 40 samples, 24 cases (60%) was isolated Staphylococcus aureus, Pasteurella multocida in 4 cases, in 2 cases, both isolated and in 10 cases are not isolated either. Amoxicillin / clavulanate was used in 28 cases Dicloxacillin in 12 cases. Ten cases were infected despite prophylacticantibiotic started. Conclusions: S aureus and P multocida are the most common aerobesin animal bite wounds. Both antibiotics, amoxicillin / clavulanic acid and dicloxacillin are proportionately effective in controlling infections.

Keywords : bites and stings; toxocariasis; drug resistance; microbial; pasteurella multocida; staphylococcus aureus.

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