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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


GONZALEZ JEMIO, Freddy; MUSTAFA MILAN, Omar  and  ANTEZANA ARZABE, Alex. Biomédical joint disorders in obesity. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.1, pp.52-56. ISSN 1012-2966.

Osteoarthrosis of joints that support body weight in the obese are very common, having altered biomechanics and having to withstand high weights above the normal resistance of the tissues. Previous pathologies and/or associated with obesity, produce structural joint alterations, causing a rapid evolution to articular cartilage destruction, leading to aggravation of osteoarthritis, limiting the functionality of the affected body segment. Treatment of overweight decreases the tensional forces at the articular cartilage and therefore improves the clinical symptoms, which can be inferred that should always be treated initially the problem of obesity, and the plan the appropriate surgical treatment. We consider that proper management of these patients should always be multidisciplinary. In this review we aim to prove the harmful effects of excess weight-bearing joints in the body weight: lumbosacral spine, hips, knees and ankles.

Keywords : obesity; vasculitis; osteoarthrosis; articulation disorders.

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