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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

QUINTANILLA CHANEZ, José Alberto; ORELLANA VICENTES, Ruth  y  ALFARO CLAROS, Carlos. Microbiological Profile of Nosocomial Infections in Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Viedma. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.1, pp. 37-39. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives:To determine the microbiological profile of the various isolated foci of infection, its antibiotic sensitivity spectrum and resistance in patients at the Intensive Care Unit of Hospital Viedma. Methods: A quantitative approach, retrospective and descriptive, with a sample of 40 patients had nosocomial infections with positive cultures of various infectious, isolation. Results: All patients (n = 40) were subjected to invasive instrumentation, the most prevalent nosocomial infection is the ventilator associated acquired pneumonia followed by urinary tract infections. Klebsiella pneumoniae were isolated, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii imipenem-sensitive and resistant to ciprofloxacin, less frequently in Sthaphylococo aureus MRSA. Sensitive to Vancomycin, cefotaxime resistance. Conclusions: 10% of patients who were admitted to the ICU had nosocomial infections, in which the invasive instrumentation, prolonged hospitalization are important predisposing factors.

Palabras clave : microbiological profile; ventilator-associated pneumonia; nosocomial infections.

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