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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

SEVILLA PAZ SOLDAN, Ricardo; ZALLES CUETO, Lourder  y  SANTA CRUZ GALLARDO, Walter. Breastfeeding vs new artificial milk fórmulas: assessment of impact on development, immunity, body composition in the par mother/child. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2011, vol.34, n.1, pp. 6-10. ISSN 1012-2966.

Objectives: To determine the effect of breastfeeding and artificial fórmulas in nutritional status of mother-child pair, psychomotor development, immunity. Methods: Comparative descriptive transversal study conducted in the outpatient clinic of the Hospital del Nin@ Manuel Ascencio Villarroel. 1174 pairs of mothers /children, 369 entered the study: 265 were exclusively breastfed, 104 exclusive artificial fórmula, 805 children received other foods. Met the criteria (without serious pathology, weight, no congenital malformations, with breastfeeding and /or exclusive bottle, children of healthy mothers) 23% (34) were exclusively breastfed (GLME), 9% (51) received exclusive artificial fórmula (GFA). Results: In children - mothers Clinical examination were made, nutrition survey, anthropometry, evaluation psychomotor development, trymus ultrasound. In GFA, were heavier (62,13kg ±14,40 mothers with high calorieand low ratio Kcal / g protein, with higher BMI: 26, 96±5,1 1and MGB: 27, 52±9,55) vs. GLME:(59,66±12,65kg best Kcal./g protein, BMI 25.83 ± 5.42; more MGB (22,59±9,40) children GFA P/T 0,76±1.1 vs. GLME0.34± 1.07, BMI 0.49 ± 1.15 and 0.26 ± 1.09 in the group GLME) No difference. The GFA Mothers SOM ± 18.31 vs 63.16.55.03 ± 15.40 for GLME (P <0.03) and children of 15.50 ±3.77 vs. GFA. 15.21 ± 2.77, not significant. The thymus in GLME surface, was 677.68 ±119,22 vs. Better GFA 501,15 ±85,86 5.88% vs less infections. 27.45% in GFA. Better psychomotor development: 100±0,00 vsGFA: 97,45 ±5,53 (p <0.000). Best PC: 0.58 58 ± 0.99 vs. 0.18 ± 0.72 in GFA (p<0.04). Conclusions: Breast milk benefits child and mother. Act of feeding, the mother-child perpetuates healthy human species.

Palabras clave : milk human; nutritional status; infant formula.

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