Gaceta Médica Boliviana
versión impresa ISSN 1012-2966
SUAREZ BARRIENTOS, Eduardo Luis; LARRAZABAL CORDOVA, Ciro y HINOJOZA RODRIGUEZ, Julio. Designing an instrument to assess the quality of written examinations (theory) of medical students. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.2, pp. 78-83. ISSN 1012-2966.
We present the design of an instrument that allows us to know how to perform the evaluation of knowledge in the written (theoretical) examinations of medical students. While this is an assessment of the summative evaluation design itself, which aims to measure student achievement in a quantitative way, then we worry about the quality of this design. It initially undertook a literature review, stopping primarily on three works: the taxonomy of Bloom's educational objectives, the revised versión of Anderson, and the work of Case and Swanson on how to prepare questions for written evaluations in the área of basic science and clinics. After an analysis and discussion of these and other studies, we designed an instrument that requires three exercises: first to identify that particular course content, course or subject are considered essential, important and others which are complementary, and second to identify the distribution of questions on the test, and third analyzing the thinking skills that implicitly require students to use in solving the test. The overall analysis of these criteria will assess the consistency or inconsistency in the overall construction of the test. We discuss how the design of a summative evaluation challenging, productive and rewarding as a result of careful plan-ning, the student would require a more qualified mode to learn, so this exercise would also recognize the educational valué simultaneously in students.
Palabras llave : Meta-evaluation; written examinations; summative evaluation; formative evaluation.