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vol.33 número1CAMBIOS ELECTROLÍTICOS Y ÁCIDO-BASE EN EL PACIENTE SOMETIDO A NEFRECTOMIA PARA DONACIÓN RENAL EN EL CENTRO MÉDICO QUIRÚRGICO BOLIVIANO-BELGA índice de autoresíndice de materiabúsqueda de artículos
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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

versión On-line ISSN 1012-2966

Resumen

JOSE PEREZ, Linet Zdenka  y  SUAREZ BARRIENTOS, Eduardo. Rotavirus enteritis during rotavirus season march-july before and after the implementation of the rotarix vaccine in the Pediatric Center Albina Patino (CPAP). Gac Med Bol [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.1, pp. 05-11. ISSN 1012-2966.

The acute gastroenteritis is considered the first cause of hospitalization in the "Albina R de Patino" Paediatric Center; the severity of rotavirus enteritis is higher than other agents; March to July of 2009 is considered the first rotavirus season before the rotavirus vaccination. To analyze the epidemiological changes and to describe the characteristics of the episodes of enteritis by rotavirus before (March to July 2008) and after the vaccination (March to July 2009) in children who are less of one year oíd. An observational, non controlated, transversal, descriptive study of 167 clinical histories of children who were diag-nosed with rotavirus enteritis   by Látex determination. The severity of disease was graded with the use of the 20-point Vesikari scale in a subgroup of 37 patients. The prevalence has suffered a statistically reduction in contrast to the previous season X2 de 20.30 p: 0.000007. Hospitalization has shown a 43.7% of reduction, the relation Rotavirus - Histolytic E. is the most frequent co-infection founded, the masculine sex is the most affected .Children who had more than 6 months of life have been the etaric group more affected .The clinical manifestations and the severity calculated didn't show differences in the vaccinated group vs. the non vaccinated group, we didn't found mortality in both groups. The vaccination could have been a cause to the decrease of the rotavirus prevalence and the hospital indicators; the severity of the episode has been similar even if they received the vaccine.

Palabras clave : Gastroenteritis; Rotavirus; Vaccine; Severity.

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