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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

Print version ISSN 1012-2966On-line version ISSN 2227-3662


DE PARDO GHETTI, Evelin; MONROY DELGADILLO, Manuel  and  COPALI, Dania. Folklore substances like reason of poisoning for substance not known in intensive therapy of the Pediatric Hospital Manuel Ascencio Villarroel. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2009, vol.32, n.2, pp.17-22. ISSN 1012-2966.

The poisonings are a problem of health it publishes in most of the countries, is located between the first ten reasons of mortality and of morbidity, specially in the infantile age. The folklore substance is defined by the WHO as " therapeutic complementary substance to the western medicine (always and when were submitted to sanitary controls), useful for decrease the aliments ". The intention of the study is know the incident of poisoning for folklore substances as reason of poisoning for substances unknown en children who joined to intensive Therapy of paediatrics between January, 2003 and December, 2008 the HNMAV, to determine the etiology of these poisonings, reason, clinical behavior, conduct according to these cases. It is a descriptive transverse study. The information was obtained by review of clinical histories, the information was tried by SPSS. In the hospital that I carry out the study 17337 patients deposited in 5 years, 305 with diagnosis of poisoning of them 133 with poisoning for unknown substance, in 20 comprobation the poisoning for substance folklore (6,5 % of the poisonings). In intensive therapy 1186 patients were attended; the poisonings in general were 7,3 % of the increase; 2,86 % of which they are for substances not known. 24 cases were included and in 12 I confirm to him the poisoning for folklore substances (1,01 %) In most cases were observed neurological, ophthalmological alterations and acid bases (metabolic acidose with anion gap higer), For what the presence of the same ones they were the prop parea the diagnosis. The conduct was guided by the clinical of the patient. 2 deceases were observed, with antecendete of ingestion of infusion of molle.

Keywords : Folklore sustances; poisoning; intensive therapy.

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