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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966

Abstract

SEVILLA PAZ SOLDAN, Ricardo. Abaco nutricional usage P/T in ambulatory nutricional promotion, prevention and re­cuperation in minors of 5 years old. Study in six thousand children in Lacma and Alalay, Cochabamba ­Bolivia. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2008, vol.31, n.1, pp.31-38. ISSN 1012-2966.

The study objective was: promote growth, prevent the malnourishment of children, to help recover children with mild ­moderate malnutrition in ambulatory setting. The study was performed in two peri­urban zones of Cochabamba; using strategies and operative instruments. The health centres (CSL y CSA) were reorganized, using an algorithm and a “ho­memade filing system”. Health was promoted by providing parents information, education, and communication (IEC) re­garding nutrition for their children, by immunising children and supplying infant health chart (weight/age ). The instrument “Abacus nutritional weigh/ stature” used to provide nutritional requirements for the children monitor the clinical emergencies, growth, development, and nutritional intervention. The children were given a plate: quinua, bar­ley, lentils, milk; micronutrients/supplements. Additionally to their daily food. Of the 6000 children, 188 (3.03%) had mild ­moderate malnutrition and nutritional intervention was performed. The promotion of health and prevention of disease in 5812 (96.86%) of the 6000 children who had normal health. The CSL centre recuperated 61.79% of the children, and the CSA centre recuperated 69.69% (p£0.01). However 13.48% and 13.13% of the children´s weight and size remai­ned static in each centre. A total of 15.15%, of children in the CSA and 22,47% of CSL centre migrated from study. Health complications in 4% of the children. An improvement in all aspects of development was seen, however language and gross motor skills progressed less rapidly. The educative sessions affected the recovery of the children. We conclude that the “ABACUS” is an instrument of significant value.

Keywords : Abacus; Malnutrition; Promotion; Prevention; Recovery; Cochabamba.

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