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Gaceta Médica Boliviana

On-line version ISSN 1012-2966

Abstract

ESPADA TERAN, Douglas Antonio  and  GRIGORIOU, Silvia. ANÁLISIS COMPARATIVO DE UNA ESTRATEGIA EDUCATIVA EN SALUD, APLICADA A NIÑOS ESCOLARES Y SUS FAMILIAS. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2006, vol.29, n.2, pp.23-27. ISSN 1012-2966.

This paper tries to fulfill the requirement to achieve best health conditions in development countries: considering high mortality by result of health problems, which infact we are able to erradícate. The solution to these health problems are founded in knowledge, education, and the commitment of the people with the preventing tasks in front of to have high economic resources, adequate infrastructure and technical skills. Without left out the two last issues, which require our attention in these paper we look for the answers at root points of the problems. Proposing a strategy in order to prevent the health problems and teaching it lo children in primary schools. We are trusting in the following skills of children: understanding, application and transmission to their families of messages and healthy behavior. We made a communitarian essay with 106 children in primary school, and their 53 parents. We applied a pre-inquiry in both groups (children and parents), followed by a children training and a post-inquiry again in both groups. The qualification was under 100 points: For the children group the average has been moved from 12 points IC 95% (10,78 - 13,22) in pre-inquiry to 38 points IC 95% (33,25 - 42,75) in the post-inquiry: For the parents, the average has been moved from 16 points IC 95% (12,55-19,45) to 40 points IC 95% (34,39 - 45-6). The parents of child with a difference of 25 or more points between the pre-inquiry and post-inquiry have three times possibilities to get the same or better increment against the parents of children with a low picking-up of explanations Chi2= 23, gdl=1 p = <0,00l. The association is directly proportional.

Keywords : Prevention strategies; Primary education; Health promotion.

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