Gaceta Médica Boliviana
versión impresa ISSN 1012-2966
ZALLES CUETO, Lourdes; ROJAS MENECES, Javier; ROJAS SOTO, Shirley y SEJAS, Edgar. EFICACIA DE LA SUPLEMENTACIÓN SEMANAL VERSUS DIARIA CON SULFATO FERROSO EN NIÑOS ESCOLARES CON ANEMIA FERROPENICA. Gac Med Bol [online]. 2005, vol.28, n.2, pp. 3-8. ISSN 1012-2966.
Numerous strategies for the control of the iron deficiency about risk populations have been displayed at the developing countries, unfortunately the supplementary of iron can be ineffective for diverse reasons, one of most important is the rejection to the daily amount of high doses of iron, and the secondary effects. Our objective was to study the effect of the weekly versus daily sulphate ferrous supplementary diet on scholarship children with ferropenic anemia. We studied 1500 scholarship children of both sexes, aged between 6 to 10 years old, registered in seven public schools of the south zone of Cochabamba. 120 children, fulfilled the selection criteria. It w as collectes 2.5 mi of blood by venous punctión and it was determined hemoglobine and serie iron concentration through colorimetric methodes, ferritina concentration through micro ELISA, plasmatic transferrine concentration through simple and microhematocrito radial inmunodifusion on total blood. The clinical-nutricional valuation was made by anthropometry. The biochemical parameters in the schemes, weekly newspaper and revealed significant increase in their concentrations. It was not observed variability of the hemoglobina, transferrina and serie iron in both schemes, nevertheless the hematocrito and ferritina presented/displayed significant variability. These results allow us to conclude, that the weekly suplementation of iron in scholastic children, to a 6 dose of mg/Kg of weight, is as effective as the daily suplementation with 3 mg/Kg of weight, in terms of biochemical and nutricional answer.
Palabras llave : Ferropenic aenemia; suplementation; ferrous sulfate; school children.