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Revista Boliviana de Química

versión On-line ISSN 0250-5460


ANAYA GONZALEZ, R. Brita et al. Assessment of the formulations of anti-anemic biscuits with different contents of Quinoa and different contents in heminic iron, by reduction of anemia in holtzman rats. Rev. Bol. Quim [online]. 2020, vol.37, n.2, pp. 74-84. ISSN 0250-5460.

Abstract In this investigation, the formulation of antianemic cookies with different contents of quinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd) and heme iron was evaluated in the reduction of anemia in Holtzman rats. White quinoa from the INIA-Ayacucho Experimental Station and bovine blood obtained from the slaughterhouse of the Carmen Alto district (Ayacucho, Peru) were used. The methodology included: 1. treatment of the quinoa and bovine blood sample, 2. formulation of the mixture, 3. bromatological, microbiological analysis and organoleptic evaluation of the elaborated product, 4. determination of hemoglobin. The results of the bromatological analysis of the product showed: 346.72 Kcal, 5.2% moisture, 10.25% protein, 20.17% fat, 42.9% carbohydrate, 1.25% ash, 0.09% acidity, 0.15 meq / Kg of oil, 27.6 mg Fe and absence of potassium bromate. The microbiological analysis reported: Salmonella sp. absent, E. coli MPN / g <3, Staphylococcus aureus coagulase (+) MPN / g <3, Clostridium perfringens CFU / g <10 and count of molds CFU / g <10, being suitable for human consumption. The iron-poor diet led to a decrease in hemoglobin levels (11.4 g / dL) and the fortified diet recovered these levels (15.66 g / dL). The formulated antianemic cookies comply with the nutritional requirements required by FAO and the Peruvian Sanitary Standards, proving to be suitable for human consumption, likewise the treatments in Holtzman rats allowed to reaffirm that with adequate levels of Chenopodium quinoa Willd and heminic iron, it was reduced anemia.

Palabras clave : Anemia; Biscuit; Chenopodium quinoa; Bovine blood.

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